High blood pressure is a medical condition where the blood pressure is chronically elevated. Persistent high blood pressure is one of the risk factors for strokes, heart attacks and heart failure, and is a leading cause of chronic renal failure. Often, physical symptoms of high blood pressure in basic hypertension are not pressent and discovered by healthcare professionals prior to any symptoms being noticed during a regular checkup.
Blood pressure is a continuous variable, and risks of various adverse outcomes rise with it. Hypertension is usually diagnosed on finding blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg measured on both arms on three occasions over a few weeks. Recently, the JNC VII (The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure) has defined blood pressure over 120/80 mmHg and below 140/90 mmHg as "pre-high blood pressure". "Pre-high blood pressure is not a disease category. Rather, it is a designation chosen to identify individuals at high risk of developing high blood pressure (JNC VII)." Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.
In patients with diabetes mellitus or kidney disease studies have shown that blood pressure over 130/80 mmHg should be considered a risk factor and may warrant treatment.high blood pressure symptoms
Hypertension is usually found incidentally - "case finding" by healthcare professionals. It normally produces no physical symptoms of high blood pressure.
Malignant symptoms of high blood pressure (or accelerated high blood pressure) is distinct as a late phase in the condition, and may present with:
It is recognized that stressful situations can increase the blood pressure (and thus high blood pressure symptoms); if a normally normotensive patient has a high blood pressure only when being reviewed by a health care professional, this is colloquially termed white coat effect. Since most of what we know of high blood pressure and its outcome with or without modification is based on large series of readings in doctors' offices and clinics (eg Framingham) it is difficult to be sure of the significance of white-coat high blood pressure. Ambulatory monitoring may help determine whether traffic and ticket inspectors produce similar sustained rises.
Hypertension is often confused with mental tension, stress and anxiety. While chronic anxiety is associated with poor outcomes in people with high blood pressure, it alone does not cause it.possible causes of high blood pressure (essential)
Disclaimer: Information shared in this section is indicative. Please do not make any conclusion and we strongly recommend you to consult with your Doctor. Symptoms may vary with individual, geography, climate and lifestyle