Ketoacidosis is a type of metabolic acidosis which is caused by high concentrations of keto acids most commonly formed by the break down of amino acids, and of ketone bodies traditionally formed by the metabolism of fatty acids. This type of internal environment is most common in untreated type one diabetes mellitus, when the liver lacks glucose, but needs metabolic fuel. The body metabolizes fat and proteins to create a solution for the deficit, and ketoacidosis begins.
The acidity results from the dissociation of the H+ ion from the ketone bodies acetoacetate and B-hydroxybutyrate, produced by ketogenesis in fatty acid breakdown. Since this Hydrogen ion dissociation means a higher concentration of H+ in the body, the physiological pH (normally around 7.4) is lowered to acidic levels. Normally, when ketone bodies are produced, they do not accumulate enough to change the body's pH. When "abnormal" levels of these ketone bodies are made, the body is in ketosis, and when the levels become so high that the pH is changed, this is when ketoacidosis occurs. The acid concentration is further increased by dehydration.
Although many low-carb diets (such as the Atkins diet) are accused of causing ketoacidosis, the condition can only be caused by more extreme conditions, such as in excessive alcohol consumption or in insulin impairment (as in diabetes).ketoacidosis symptoms
Although not indicative of ketoacidosis alone (these symptoms are associated with many potential disharmonies), these symptoms of ketoacidosis are often found as the environment develops:
Short of treating the diabetes, which is a requirement if this is found to be the cause of the acidic state, there are many therapies available to help lower internal acid levels. Of course, removing the cause, be it sugar or alcohol, is the first step. For most situations, you can try solutions. There are many positive reports on those following both dietary protocols and utilizing the micro-clustered water systems.