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Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina)

Scarlet fever is a streptococcal infection that occurs most often in association with a sore throat and rarely with impetigo or other streptococcal infections. It is characterized by sore throat, fever and a rash over the upper body that may spread to cover almost the entire body.

Signs and Symptoms of Scarlet Fever Persons with scarlet fever have a characteristic rash that is fine, red, rough-textured and blanches upon pressure. Scarlet fever also produces a bright red tongue with "strawberry" appearance. The skin often "desquamates," or peels, after recovery, usually on tips of fingers and toes. Transmission of Scarlet Fever

The illness is spread by the same means as strep throat.


Other than the occurrence of the rash, the treatment and course of scarlet fever are no different from those of any strep throat.

Change in virulence Read any novel of the 18th century and Scarlet Fever often seems to be followed by many months in convalescense institutions. Most children now are ill for under a week. Whilst this is used as an example of the benefits of antibiotics, it is also true that the bacterial mutated in the early-mid 20th century into less virulent forms. The term Scarlatina is used to describe the modern milder disease.

Disclaimer: Information shared in this section is indicative. Please do not make any conclusion and we strongly recommend you to consult with your Doctor. Symptoms may vary with individual, geography, climate and lifestyle